These guidelines contain points to consider for efficient driving which could cut motoring costs whilst reducing CO2 emissions.

Maintenance
Regular servicing could save you money at the fuel pumps. New oil, air filters, and spark plugs will make a more fuel-efficient car by making the engine run smoother.

Servicing will also identify under-inflated tyres which when inflated correctly will reduce rolling resistance and improve fuel consumption.

Tyres
Check your tyre pressure fortnightly. It is best to do this when the tyres are cold and haven’t been driven on.

Tyres that are under-inflated by 25% below the recommended level can affect fuel consumption by as much as 6%. In addition to this, under-inflated tyres can also compromise your road safety.

Before travelling
Before setting off, check the weight of your packed car, extra weight will increase fuel consumption, so pack carefully to cut drag.

Don’t start the engine until you’re ready to leave, idling wasted fuel and the engine will warm up quicker when moving. In the winter, de-ice and scrape your car rather than leaving your car idling to warm up.

Combine short trips where possible especially in cold weather when cold starts use more fuel. If you’re going on a long journey, plan your route, getting lost uses extra fuel so check the travel news or use a satellite navigation.

Driving
Drive smoothly. Accelerate gently and monitor the road ahead to predict hazards to avoid unnecessary braking and accelerating.

Use the highest gear possible. Staying in a lower gear causes the engine to rev higher and use more fuel but don’t change too early as this causes the engine to work harder. If you have a gear shift indicator, make use of it. Otherwise, aim to change gear between 2,000 and 2,500 revolutions.

Fuel consuming devices
Turn off the air –con at low speeds to save fuel. At high-speed fuel consumption is less noticeable. Heaters also contribute to fuel consumption.

Engine idling vs switching off
Unless your car has an automatic start/stop system, you should only switch off the engine if it’s warm, if you will be stood for more than three minutes, and you have a good battery.

Start/stop technology is generally seen in newer cars which have upgraded components and systems to make sure the engine only stops if it will restart.

Download the Efficient Driving factsheet

Please note: this information sheet is not intended to replace or override any policies or procedures applicable to your business nor is it intended to replace or override manufacturer’s recommendations as outlined in the vehicle handbook.

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